Safeguards of mental well-being


Protect your mental well-being with safeguards 

Mental well-being can be promoted by strengthening safeguards. You should recognize the safeguards and risk factors of mental well-being in order to strengthen the mental health safeguards in the daily life.


  • Find a meaningful way to exercise 
  • Give yourself time to refresh and relax in your spare time 
  • Find a suitable way to study 
  • Meet with friends 
  • Talk about your feelings and thoughts with your friends and loved ones 
  • Plan your time usage 
  • Identify your own limits and set reasonable goals 
  • Set clear limits for your goals and dare to be happy when achieving them 
  • Do not get stuck with problems – Ask for help or try another approach 

Mafeguards and risk factors of mental well-being

Internal safeguards
  • exercise 
  • food 
  • sufficient rest 
  • talking about feelings 
  • the ability to maintain and create friendships 
  • hobbies 
  • self-respect and self-acceptance 
  • daily choices 
External safeguards
  • family and friends 
  • going to school and studying 
  • the ability to dare and know how to seek help when necessary 
  • safe growing environment 
Internal risk factors
  • self-esteem vulnerability 
  • poor relationships with friends, parents and loved ones 
  • isolation and alienation from familiar relationships 
  • feeling of helplessness 
  • feeling of inferiority 


External risk factors
  • break-ups and losses 
  • violence 
  • bullying 
  • smoking 
  • alcohol or other substance abuse 
  • social marginalization 
  • harmful environment 
  • unemployment 



Erkko & Hannukkala 2013, Mielenterveys voimaksi, Suomen Mielenterveysseura

Karila-Hietala, Wahlbeck, Heiskanen, Stengård & Hannukkala 2013.
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